fleet on land, by occupying the coastal cities. Alexander founded possibly more than 70 cities throughout the Mediterranean region and east to India, spreading trade and the culture of the Greeks wherever he went. His father Philip was assassinated, and Alexander the Great became ruler of Macedonia. Even Callisthenes, historian and nephew of Aristotle, whose ostentatious flattery had perhaps encouraged Alexander to see himself in the role of a god, refused to abase himself. As a general Alexander is among the greatest the world has known. How much Alexander knew of India beyond the Hyphasis (probably the modern Beas ) is uncertain; there is no conclusive proof that he had heard of the Ganges. At Persepolis he ceremonially burned down the palace of Xerxes, as a symbol that the Panhellenic war of revenge was at an end; for such seems the probable significance of an act that tradition later explained as a drunken frolic inspired by Thas, an Athenian. He spent the winter organizing Egypt, where he employed Egyptian governors, keeping the army under a separate Macedonian command.
After Alexander died, his empire collapsed and the nations within it battled for power. Alexander and his forces arrived in Thebes so quickly that the city-state didn't have a chance to pull together allies for its defense. In November 332 he reached Egypt. Next up on Alexander's agenda was his campaign to conquer Egypt.
He also became the king of, persia, Babylon and Asia, and created Macedonian colonies in the region.
When Alexander was 13, Philip called on the great philosopher Aristotle to tutor his son.
Aristotle sparked and fostered Alexanders interest in literature, science, medicine and philosophy.
Alexander was just 16 when Philip went to battle the Byzantiums and left him in charge of Macedonia.
Historical Biography of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great lived before Christ, but he was driven by a vision of global unity as modern as today.
Local opposition led Nearchus to set sail in September (325 and he was held up for three weeks until he could pick up the northeast monsoon in late October. Alexander the Great may have undone the knot by the simple expedience of slashing through it with a sword. In the wake of his father's death, Alexander, then 19, was determined to seize the throne by any means necessary. Over time, the cultures of Greece and the Orient synthesized and thrived as a side effect of Alexander's empire, becoming part of his legacy and spreading the spirit of Panhellenism. Alexanders foundation of new cities Plutarch speaks of over 70initiated a new chapter in Greek expansion. Finding himself impressed by Porus, Alexander reinstated him as king and won his loyalty and forgiveness. After Alexander managed to recruit tens of thousands of Persian soldiers into his army, he dismissed many of his existing Macedonian soldiers. In midsummer 330 Alexander set out for the eastern provinces at a high speed via Rhagae (modern Rayy, near Tehrn ) and the Caspian Gates, where he learned that Bessus, the satrap of Bactria, had deposed Darius. Alexander Assimilated and Adopted Foreign Customs.
Representatives of the cities of Greece also came, garlanded as befitted Alexanders divine status. At this point Alexander benefitted from the sudden death of Memnon, the competent Greek commander of the Persian fleet. In reconciliation Alexander married her, and the rest of his opponents were either won over or crushed. This required adaptation to the local customs - as we see very clearly in Egypt, where his successor Ptolemy's descendants adopted the local custom of pharaonic marriage to siblings although, in his excellent.
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